Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) was introduced in the 1980s for the treatment of urinary stones and earned near-instantaneous acceptance as a first line treatment option. Since then SWL has revolutionized treatment in nephrolithiasis worldwide, and in the United States, it has been estimated that approximately 70% of kidney stones are treated using SWL.
Shock wave therapy (SWT) refers to the use of focused shock waves for treatment of musculoskeletal indications including plantar fasciitis and dystrophic mineralization of tendons and joint capsules. Measurements were made of a SWT device that uses a ballistic source.
Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) uses acoustic pulses to treat certain musculoskeletal disorders. In this paper the acoustic field of a clinical portable ESWT device (Duolith SD1) was characterized.
A real shock wave in a large focal volume and the higher positive energy of electro-hydraulic shock waves could be a possible explanation why electro-hydraulic shock waves show the highest efficiency in shock wave application in medicine